is the site where St. Simeon lived on top of a pillar for
fourty-two years. Fourty-two years under the blazing sun,
in the bitter cold, and exposed to all the mountain winds!
He is a shepherd
from Northern Syria who became a monk as the result of a
revelation in a dream. There is only a stump of the column
left, some two or three meters high. Shortly after the death
of the holy man the most beautiful church in the East was
built on the ridge of the hill where he had taken up "residence".
The lay-out, centering
on the famous column, was original. Four basilicas, arranged
in the shape of a cross, opened onto a sort of octagon covered
by a dome; in the center stood the sacred pillar. This Citadel
offers a view of some of the 300 dead towns of the Byzantine
era of Northern Syria.